Because of the intensive use of water, agriculture in libya accounts for about 83% of the countrys total freshwater withdrawal, and is. Though sustainable agriculture in libya used to make up a third of the countrys gross revenue, as of 2008 agriculture only accounts for 1. Indeed, libya managed to more than double its oil production over the twoyear recovery period, to reach 1. Water infrastructure in libya and the water situation in. Production is struggling to keep up as crop yields level. Improving agricultural water and fertiliser management in libya. Most of the population of kufra are private farmers who use flood irrigation from shallow wells 1960 m, but there are cooperatives of farmers that have shared the cost of deeper wells 120 150 m. The oil export suddenly became the major driving force for the countrys economy, dwarfing the governments interest in developing the agricultural sector, which resulted in enormous food imports. Gaddafi quickly gained a reputation as being both unpredictable and aberrant. Agriculture development after the introduction for economic liberalization 20002010 102 2.
Pdf climate change over libya and impacts on agriculture. Between the lack of natural resources and low rainfall levels, freshwater supply in libya is limited. At present, agriculture and the processing of agricultural products appear to be the activities for which libya is best. But despite tunisias impressive social and political achievements, considerable challenges remain, such as reducing. In all, the scheme would provide 50 years of irrigation to the coastal areas, where 80% of libyas agriculture is located. Before the 1950s libya was considered one of the driest countries on earth.
The study attempted to measure the model of coefficient of agricultural productivity in order to identify the pattern for spatial distribution of the productivity in 22 municipalities in libya. Established in 1957, it provides advice and guidance on agricultural problems, advances loans to agricultural cooperatives, and generally assists in developing libyas agricultural community. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations fao. Tripolitania in the northwest, cyrenaica in the east, and fezzan in the southwest. Domestic conditions limit output, while income and population growth have increased food consumption. Jan 30, 2018 though sustainable agriculture in libya used to make up a third of the countrys gross revenue, as of 2008 agriculture only accounts for 1. At the beginning of the 21st century, oil and natural gas together accounted for almost threefourths of the national income and nearly all of the countrys export earnings, although they employed less than onetenth of the labour force. Agriculture and rural livelihoods assessmentlibya 2 fao and the world food programme wfp. Agriculture performance in the context of mna countries 83 2. Agricultural in tripoli libya 19501970 visitate il sito. Despite the relatively small contribution of agriculture to libyas gdp less than 3 percent in 2011 and although 7580 percent of food requirements are imported from outside the country, the. This development was interrupted by the libyan civil war, which resulted in contraction of the economy by 62. It extends from the mediterranean coast in the north to the sahara desert in the south, with a total surface area of approximately 1.
Libya is located in the north of africa between longitude 9. The main source of the water supply in libya previously came from desalination plants on the coast. Through the 1980s about 70% of libyas food needs were imported. The coastal plains that run along the libyan coast and vary in width. The bank operates one city branch from its headquarters in tripoli and another 27 branches throughout libya.
The history of libya s agricultural development has been closely related, although inversely, to the development of its oil industry. Agriculture economic aspects libya publisher washington, d. Libyas per capita income is among the highest in africa. Major barriers to its growth are limited arable land 1.
The agricultural economy of libya by canady, hilda m. The agriculture was considered as an important economic sector in libya until the oil was discovered in the early 1960s. As of 2017, libyas per capita ppp gdp stands at 60% of its. Abstractagriculture in libya is still an important sector although its contribution in national income has declined. It has a vast desert area and dry climate conditions that led to severe water scarcity. After 2000, libya recorded favourable growth rates with an estimated 10. Rainfall is low and agriculture depends on irrigation.
Through an extensive pipeline system, these aquifers provide the country with water for consumption and agriculture. The socalled great manmade river is the worlds largest irrigation project. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of libya, as well as projected climate changes. This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in libya, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, human health and coastal zones. Itis bounded on the east by egypt, on the west by tunisia and algeria and on the south. Established in 1957, it provides advice and guidance on agricultural problems, advances loans to agricultural cooperatives, and generally assists in developing libyas. Pdf water quality problems in irrigated agriculture in. History of conflict and international intervention in libya 2 in the bloodless coup of 1969, mohammed idris was overthrown and moamar algaddafi became commander in chief of the armed forces, and the chairman of the revolutionary command council.
As international oil prices rose steadily over the decade and increased spectacularly in 2007 and the first half of 2008, libyas export earnings more than doubled and the country ran large external current account surpluses throughout 200010. Contrary to common belief, the most important riches of libya are not the oil wells, but water. The impact of changing agricultural policies on libyan agricultural. Libya is a net exporter of energy sources by a large amount, but imports petroleum products, amounting to 3,208 ktoe, due to inadequate refining capability.
Libya s agricultural economy in brief by santmyer, carolee, 1936. Publication date 1966 topics agriculture economic aspects libya publisher. Botanical evidence for garamantian agriculture in fezzan. Such plants did not generate enough water to irrigate farmland, however. A history of conflict and international intervention in libya. Wfp receives funding from france for innovative solutions to food security and agricultural reform in libyas south en. The challenges of sustainable agriculture in libya. The agricultural sector s importance to libya s economy has been in steady decline, contributing only 4. Jul 22, 2008 agricultural in tripoli libya 19501970 visitate il sito. Drivers and obstacles of agriculture development in libya. Libya, country located in north africa comprising three historical regions.
Libya relies predominantly on sprinkler systems and applies as much as mm of irrigation water to many of its cash crops. This letter of intent, signed between the libyan ministry of agriculture, animal. Rome, italy the designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the food and agriculture organization of the. In all, the scheme would provide 50 years of irrigation to the coastal areas, where 80% of libya s agriculture is located. A synthesis is provided of the recent archaeobotanical evidence for the beginnings and development of agriculture in libya. Tripolitunis amidst a deteriorating humanitarian situation, further impacted by the prospect of a covid19 outbreak and rising concerns on food security, the united nations world food programme wfp in libya has received a generous donation of eur. Libya agriculture, information about agriculture in libya. The countrys economy does not depend on agriculture, but the population is starting to face the threat of food insecurity without a sustainable agriculture industry. The coefficient of agricultural productivity is successful to determine the contrast that will be used when comparing. Drivers and obstacles of agriculture development in libya sheffield. The oil export suddenly became the major driving force for the countrys economy, dwarfing the governments interest in developing the agricultural sector, which resulted in. Knoema is the most comprehensive source of global decisionmaking data in the world.
Comparison between agricultural productivity in libya andin the mna countries. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the worlds data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. Historical view of agriculture development in libya 92 2. Libyan agriculture is a small contributor to the workforce about 17 percent, and to gdp about 5. Country profile libya food and agriculture organization of the. Date palm is unknown from elsewhere in the saharan maghreb and the subsaharan sahel until much later 232425. The contribution agricultural sector to the libyan gross domestic product formation. The history of libyas agricultural development has been closely related, although inversely, to the development of its oil industry.
Established in 1957, it provides advice and guidance on agricultural problems, advances loans to agricultural cooperatives, and generally assists in. In 1984, the average index of food production per capita indicated a 6% decline from 1974 to 1976. Jul 25, 2018 libyan agriculture is a small contributor to the workforce about 17 percent, and to gdp about 5. Climate change over libya and impacts on agriculture. Water infrastructure in libya and the water situation in agriculture 35 2 agriculture in libya the agricultural sectors importance to libyas economy has been in steady decline, contributing only 4. Previous qualitative assessments have shown that the crisis has exacerbated pre existing challenges associated with agricultural production in libya, including. Permanent crops, primarily fruit trees, comprised a significant portion of arable land in these areas. Although agriculture is the secondlargest sector in the economy, libya depends on imports in most foods.
Department of agriculture, national agricultural library. Climatic conditions and poor soils limit farm output, and domestic food production meets about 25% of demand. Before the discovery of oil, the libyan economy was characterized by its dependence on the agricultural sector. Libya may face a huge problem in case of decrease in oil prices. Libya is located in the north of africa between longitude. In 1958, before the era of oil wealth, agriculture supplied over 26 percent of gdp, and libya actually exported food. Seed assemblages from three large archaeological projects are discussed. Libya the impact of the crisis on agriculture key findings from the 2018 multisector needs assessment. As a country that consists mostly of the sahara desert, libya has a brutally dry climate that does not lend itself to agriculture.
Climatesmart agriculture csa is an integrated approach to managing landscapescropland, livestock, forests and fisheriesthat address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. Libya is located in the north of africa between longitude 9o. Media in category agriculture in libya the following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. The concept of agricultural productivity is used to explain the shape of the spatial organization for the agriculture patterns. Libya libyas civil war hugely disrupted the economy by cutting oil output, the primary source of revenue, to virtually zero. Libya food and agriculture organization of the united nations. Like many other countries in the region, agriculture in libya is constrained by its limited arable land and low soil fertility. The kufra region of south eastern libya comprises an area about 850 km south to north, and some 500 km wide rising to 450 m above sea level.
Total crude oil exports in 20 were 48,307 increasing to 66,325 ktoe in 2015 afrec, 2015. Impact of independent variables on performance of agricultural extension management in eastern libya 156 water resources and are mostly about 80 percent used for agriculture. The challenges of sustainable agriculture in libya the. Water infrastructure in libya and the water situation in agriculture 35. Because of the intensive use of water, agriculture in libya accounts for about 83% of the countrys total freshwater withdrawal, and is the major cause of the rapidly dropping water tables. By 1997, about 17% of the labor force worked in agriculture. Libya outperformed other mena oil exporters where average annual inflation was close to 7 percent.
Although libya is largely desert and poor in natural resources, oil has been an important commodity in its economy since its discovery in. Desertification a nd limited freshwater r esources are the two greatest challenges. By increasing the agricultural sector productivity, libya will decrease their current dependency on other countries for food and potentially could stimulate the economy by increasing food exports. The war around tripoli that erupted in april 2019 between the two main political rivals reversed the momentum of the relative economic recovery over 201718.
The worlds biggest reservoirs of fossil freshwater lie below its desert. Agricultural development was a key priority of libyan government, major resources being allocated to it during the period 19702010. In 1984, libya imported over 2 million mt of cereals. Through the 1980s about 70% of libya s food needs were imported. A growing global population and changing diets are driving up the demand for food.418 791 983 127 1546 1134 914 109 274 1385 1158 400 381 484 1376 262 1354 1496 28 257 495 1008 347 1124 1120 909 628 1482 226 548 457 122